This source shows brief images on how the people dealt and reacted to the war.
Source B shows the fact that the war is still going on there are people who show how children can be independent, by training them (the boys) (showing them how to fight) and women teach their daughters how to cook and clean and be a motherly figure.
Source D: a poem written by a lieutenant during the war after his fellow soldier had died.
In Flanders Fields
By: Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae, MD (1872-1918)
In Flanders Fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses row on row,
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.
We are the Dead. Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders fields.
Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
In Flanders fields.
Some people say the inspiration for the poem ‘ In Flanders fields’ was when John McCrae was looking at Helmer’s grave and the red poppies that were coming up by the graves in the burial ground. The poem was written on the 2nd May 1915 by John McCrae in Flander’s fields.
EXPERIENCES FOR WOMEN AND MEN DURING THE WAR
POSITIVE: Between 1914 and 1918, two million women replaced men in jobs.
The war opened a wider range of jobs to female workers and lowered traditional women’s employment such as being a housewife, it mainly lowered domestic services.
NEGATIVE: During the war the men had to be at the battle field while the women stayed at home looking after the kids and their property. They did lots of the hard labours. The women never really saw the men very often.
WOMEN AND MEN: The women and men had very bad experience at war because they would be gone from the house for months or years. Some of the people were sent to do brutal things and they had to see nauseating, brutal and bloody sights in their lives and dreams forever because of how much the war had impacted on their lives.
HOW TECHNOLOGY MADE AN IMPACT IN THE WAR
Developments in technology lead to the creation where artillery and machine guns (source E) became extremely effective as well as defensive weapons, creating an extremely deadly zone of fire in front of the defending line of men. Soldiers and labourers were forced to dig trenches and machine gun placements, which would protect the soldiers from enemy fire and allow them to fire back at the enemy without the risk of giving away their positions, exposing them to danger. New weapons were created during the war, such as poison gas as shown in source F(1915) and tanks shown in source G (1916), which made combat more unpredictable and even more deadly.
SOLDIERS AND TRENCHES
The trenches were the front lines, the most dangerous places. But behind them was a mass of supply lines, training establishments, stores, workshops, headquarters and all the other elements of the 1914-1918 system of war, in which the majority of troops were employed. The trenches were the domain of the infantry, with the supporting arms of the mortars and machine-guns, the engineers and the forward positions of the artillery observers. Trenches were dug to as little as 18 inches deep.
Where possible, the floor of the trench was made by using wooden duckboards. In some trenches there was a place called the latrine or toilet. The toilet was as deep a hole in the ground as it could go, which had a plank that was mounted on the wall for a person to sit on. This form of sanitation was very often a target for enemy snipers and troops. The trenches were small with so many men living in very confined spaces. Scraps of food, being unable to wash or change for weeks at a time, empty tins, the toilet and other waste lying around created conditions of extreme health risk. Pests such as rats and lice were very common in the trenches; disease was spread both by the rats and lice, and by the maggots and flies that feasted on the nearby remains of dead human and animal corpses. Soldiers in the trenches were also exposed to the weather; if it rained heavily the trenches would often flood, sometimes to waist height. Soldiers were exposed to; frostbite (source H), trench foot (Source I), and many other diseases.
Source H: frostbite
Source I: trench foot
During World War One food was running low in Britain, families would send parcels to their fathers and brothers fighting in the war because to them fighting was food was very scarce. Sometimes the parcels had chocolate, cake, tobacco and tinned food for the soldiers to eat.
WHY MEN WERE GLAD TO FIGHT IN WAR FOR THEIR COUNTRY
EVEN WITH THE CONSEQUENCE OF DYING!
Some soldiers were happy to fight for their country, in source J,K and L you will see the comments some soldiers had towards the war saying how they were happy their country went to war and they were fighting for fame and glory.
‘We were happy that our country had gone to war … We were going to do great things for one another and for the folks at home. We were going to win fame and glory … We really believed that we were going to fight for freedom, as the newspapers told us.’
‘I am … feeling thoroughly cheerful and happy, more so than I’ve felt for many months past. In the first place the show is being a success, a great success, I believe and hope. At first I was very depressed at our losses … so many people I have seen … who I miss so much. But now that there seems no doubt that [the war] is going to be a great success … I have the consolation that these brave men gave their lives for a successful effort and not in a forlorn hope.’ Captain L Spicer, July 1916.
‘We couldn’t speak, but it was an amazing show. We stood behind the lines and watched the giant fireworks in the darkness. No one could live through that.’ Lieutenant John Parker.
BY: ALLASHAY AND CAMILLA 🙂