WW1 was from 1914 to 1918. The whole world was involved in this war as shown in the newspaper article in source J.
Life was harsh and terrible for people in WW1. They lived through tough conditions, gas attacks, the horrible trenches with conditions not fit for any human and being away from home and family not knowing if they would return.
Men experienced friends being blown apart, always in fear of dying. Many were lonely. At times there was a lack of food due to enemy attack. The trench conditions caused soldiers to get trench foot see source F. To make things worse their body and clothes were covered in lice as they were unable to wash for months on end, and rats would eat the dead bodies and would bite the soldiers as well ,spreading disease and making their lives miserable. Mustard gas was used by the Germans it created great fear and caused an agenising death as in source I. Through all the hardships the soldiers became like brothers all fighting for their country.
Women were not allowed to be in the frontline with the men, the closest women got to the frontline was by being nurses , doctors and reporters. Very few nurses worked on the battlefield with the exception of the Red Cross nurses as in source H.
The nurses experienced great sorrow in seeing the soldiers die from their injuries. The nurses suffered from a lack of sleep and food at times. Their working conditions were sometimes harsh. Some women even though not allowed in the war managed to be part of the war as in source A+B+C.
The women who were part of the war experienced the same conditions as the men and the same hardship as the men.
WW1 was a terrible event and many soldiers sacrificed their lives for their country.
Flora Sandes dreamed of being a soldier, spending her child life galloping through the country side. 20 years later when war broke out, she enlisted for the army in Serbia, one of the allied countries. She became the first British woman to see the frontline action. (In Britain women were not allowed to be in the army.)
A postcard of Flora Sandes in the Serbian army in ww1
We have picked to show that women in Britain, America and several other countries weren’t allowed to join the army and take part in combat. Flora Sandes joined the Serbian army as they allowed women to take part in combat.
Florence Green, who was 17 at the time in 1918, signed up to the Women’s Royal Air Force two months before the end of the great war. She worked at Narborough Airfield as an officers Mess steward. She was the last surviving person to have seen active service.
It shows that women that entered the air force did not get to fly as they weren’t allowed to be part of the combat.
Dorothy was a young English woman who disguised herself as a man in order to join the army and take part in combat.
Dororthy Lawrence in Paris 1915
Women would go to great lengths to be part of the war.
A poem was written John McCrae in 1915
In Flanders fields the poppies blow Between the crosses, row on row, That mark our place; and in the sky The larks, still bravely singing, fly Scarce heard amid the guns below.
We are the Dead. Short days ago We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow, Loved and were loved, and now we lie In Flanders fields.
Take up our quarrel with the foe: To you from failing hands we throw The torch; be yours to hold it high. If ye break faith with us who die We shall not sleep, though poppies grow In Flanders fields.
From creative commons.org
The poem is about those soldiers that died for their country and they want the other soldiers to continue fighting so that they have not died for nothing.
World War 1 trench warfare was so bad that 10% of all the soldiers died.
The trenches were full of mud disease, lice and dirt. Rats also overrun the trenches.
The trenches were filled with lice, and so were the people in them.
The construction of the trenches was constructed with manpower, with support from China. 140000 Chinese labourers helped to build the trench.
Trench foot was a common thing to happen to soldiers, the water would numb and rot the foot.
They spent months in the trenches experiencing great hardships .
Primary source from British soldiers taken in 1917 in France.
We have picked this picture to show the harshness of the trenches.
Gilbert Rogers painted this picture of two stretcher-bearers trying to prepare hot food during WW1
Food supply was a major problem when they went into enemy territory. All men carried emergency food called iron rations consisting of a can of bully beef, a few biscuits and a sealed tin of tea and sugar. This food did not last very long. If they were unable to get food they sometimes were forced to retreat.
American Red Cross nurses tending to
wounded soldiers on the battlefield during WW1
Gassed!. This poster shows two soldiers in hospital suffering the effects of poison gas; a distraught Red Cross nurse and older man look on. Poster drawn by Raemaekers.Date Created/Published: New York : Century Company, 1916. World War I propaganda poster provided by LOC.
Chlorine gas destroyed the respiratory organs which led to a slow agonising death by asphyxiation. Chlorine gas (Mustard gas) was first used by the Germans to disable the enemy.
Article published in 1914 by The Onion Newspaper
It shows how the whole world was involved in WW1
Newspapers were one of the few sources of information during that time.
BY DANIEL HEINRICH AND JOSHUA THERON