SOURCES.

Source A.

POEM.

In flanders fields.

In Flanders fields the poppies blow
between the crosses, row on row,
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks, still  bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.

We are the Dead. Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
loved and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders fields.

Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
In Flanders fields.

 

“In flanders field” is a poem written by Major John McCrae ,it was produced in Canada in 1915 .In the early days of the Second Battle of Ypres a young Canadian artillery officer, Lieutenant Alexis Helmer, was killed on 2nd May, 1915 in the gun positions near Ypres. An exploding German artillery shell landed near him. He was serving in the same Canadian artillery unit as one of his friends, the Canadian military doctor and artillery commander Major John McCrae.

As the brigade doctor, John McCrae was asked to conduct the burial service for Alexis because the chaplain had been called away somewhere else on duty that night. It is believed that later that night, after the burial, John began to rite his now famous poem “In Flanders Fields”.

 
Lieutenant Alexis Helmer, 1st Brigade Canadian Field Artillery (source: A Crown of Life)

 Source B

Cartoon.

British wartime cartoons“I say, old girl, do let me carry something.”
This cartoon was made in 1917by K.Ranold it was produced in Britain.In this cartoon, a British soldier laden with his heavy kit and weapons offers to help a lady with her shopping bags. The cartoon, like many others like it, glorifies the self sacrifice and gentility of the Allied troops, in contrast to the rapacious German soldiers.

 Source C

Photograph.

Heres a Collection of Rare Color Photos From One of the Worlds Most Bloody & Savage Conflicts

This photograph was made in Britain in 1917 by Philip Gibbs.“Mr. Philip Gibbs, in his vivid account of the final capture of the mill by the British, says that again and again ‘the old windmill beyond the village changed hands. Eight times the Germans who had dislodged our men were cut to pieces or thrust out, and then our men finally held it.’”

Source D.

Newspaper Article.

 World war 1 records

This World War 1 newspaper advertisement was published by the New York Tribune on July 21, 1918, in anticipation for the special war edition to be published the following week titled “What Has the War Done to the World?” Inside this special edition, the World War 1 newspaper featured articles answering questions like how the war has effected literature, the arts, and medicine. It also discussed what the war is really costing and what inventions have been made because of the war.

Source E.

Photograph.

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This photograph shows the amount of people died in World War 1.The war killed many people ,thousands of people .People that were fighting for their countries got killed .Innocent people got killed .This photograph shows that the war was a horrible event for anyone and everyone who had to experience it.

What was life like for women and men on the battle field ?

 WOMEN.

Home Front.

By 1914 nearly 5.09 million out of the 23.8 million women in Britain were working. Thousands of them worked in factory offices and large hangars used to build aircrafts.Women were also involved in knitting socks for the soldiers on the front, as well as other chosen work, but as a matter of survival women had to work to get money for the sake of their families. Many women worked as volunteers serving at the Red Cross.This encouraged the sale of war bonds, and they planted victory gardens.

 Women took on chosen and paid employment that showed that women were highly capable in diverse fields of getting jobs done. There is little doubt this expanded the view of the role of women in society and changed the way men saw what women could do and their place in the society.

Military service.

Nursing became almost the only area that females could contribute towards the war and experience the war. In Britain the Queen Alexandra’s Royal Army Nursing Corps, First Aid Nursing Yeomanry and Voluntary Aid Detachment were all started before World War I. The VADs were not allowed in the front line until 1915.

More than 12,000 women enlisted in the United States Navy and Marine Corps during the First World War. About 400 of them died in that war.

Over 2,800 women served with the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps during the First World War and it was during that era that the role of Canadian women in the military first extended beyond nursing.Women were given paramilitary training in small arms, first aid and vehicle maintenance in case they were needed as home guards.Forty-three women in the Canadian military died during World War 1.

 

MEN 

There was nothing glamorous about trench life. World War 1 trenches were dirty, smelly and filled with disease. For soldiers life in the trenches meant living in fear. In fear of diseases  and of course, the constant fear of enemy attack.

 

ww2

Trench warfare World War 1 style is something all participating countries promised never to say again , and the facts explain why.

ww3

 

 Even before battle began, the experience of war life could be overwhelming. Men were living outside for days or weeks on end, with limited shelter from the cold, wind, rain and snow (in the winter) or from the heat and sun (in summer). Artillery destroyed the familiar landscape, reducing trees and buildings to baron rubble and churning up endless mud in some areas. The incredible noise of artillery and machine guns fireing, both enemy and friendly, was often never ending. Yet soldiers spent a great deal of time waiting around, and in some quiet sectors there was little real fighting and a kind of informal truce could develop between the two sides. Even in more active parts of the front, battle was rarely continuous and troops usually got bored, with little of the heroism and excitement many had imagined before the war. The Italian infantry officer Emilio Lussu wrote that life in the trenches was ‘grim and monotonous’ and that ‘if there were no attacks, there was no war, only hard work’.The order to attack – or news of an enemy assault – changed everything
 

 By:Konstantina and Danielle.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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