Source A. Soldiers in one of the battles of WW1


Source B. Nurses attending soldiers.

Source C. Soldiers in the field.

Source D. Soldiers marching to the battlefront.

During the war women were to be found mostly at the home front while a minority went close to the actual fronts where the war was being fought, some even into combat. Most of the time they were appointed as nurses, looking after injured soldiers.

Frontline soldiers had to rotate so that each soldier facing the enemy was balanced.Even when supposedly at ‘rest’ soldiers could find themselves engaged in exhausting work. There was always a shortage of labour at the front, with fighting men having to provide working parties to make good the lack.


What were the trenches?


The trenches were the front lines, the most dangerous places. But behind them was a mass of supply lines, training establishments, stores, workshops, headquarters and all the other elements of the 1914-1918 system of war, in which the majority of troops were employed.


Living conditions in the trenches.


Where possible, the floor of the trench was made by using wooden duckboards. Men would, with permission, leave their post to use the latrine. This rough form of sanitation was often a target for enemy snipers and shellfire and was also a considerable smell and health hazard for the men in the trenches.

poem: Celebrating the outbreak of war.

The Recruit
If I must go and leave these ways I know ­
These dusks and dawns, and colour in the trees,
And the slow yarns, and wood-smoke hanging low,
And glowing stars, and cattle at their ease
And all the dear, small things of which I am a part –
I do not go for any prideful cause
That Europe might defend.
But only that the sun-swept Austral land
Might still lie warm within the Austral hand;
And that young boys, who speak the tongue I know,
Might laugh in years ahead where sunsets glow;
While softly, softly in the leaves of the kurrajongs,
The night wind croons its tiny summer songs.

Charles Shaw [Australia]

Source E.


Poem:Showing the tragedy of the outbreak of war.

Lost in France
He had the ploughman’s strength
in the grasp of his hand;
he could see a crow
three miles away,
and the trout beneath the stone.
He could hear the green oats growing,
and the south-west wind making rain.
He could hear the wheel upon the hill
when it left the level road.
He could make a gate, and dig a pit,
and plough as straight as stone can fall.
And he is dead.

Source F.


Positive Effects:

Women gained new jobs.At the front, they were ambulance drivers, hospitals.At home, they were factory workers, bus & streetcar drivers, got jobs in banks & civil services, were farmerettes, and organized benefit events.


Negative affects:

There was a human cost of over 61 000. There were 172 000 injuries.Many young men died.Royal Newfoundlanders went into battle.

Done by Amr Sabra&Tj Joka.