SOURCES

Source A

Life in the trenches

When the ANZACs arrived at the Western Front, the first thing they saw were the lines of wounded soldiers being taken to the rear. As they got closer, they could feel the earth shake, and hear the constant “crump crump” of artillery shells. The sound was loud enough to make their ears ring, and became their companion for the next three years.

Then they saw a series of muddy trenches littered with the waste of war. Boxes, cart wheels, wire and often the bodies of the dead and dying were strewn everywhere. These were the reserve trenches, far enough from the battle for soldiers to try to grab a little rest from all the madness in the front line

Adapted from the book ‘Don’t forget me, cobber!’ by Matt Anderson, 2006, to tell us about the lives of soldiers in the trenches.

We chose this source as it informed us of the conditions in the trenches.

Source B

A poster produced in 1943 by the women of this army encouraging women to join the Land Army.

source b

We chose this source because it shows us that not only men were considered important in the war, women also had an important role to play.

Source C

Women in wartime

The involvement of Australian women in each war is closely connected to their role in society at different times, and the nature of each war.

Australia has been involved in a number of wars including The Boer War (1899-1902), World War I (1914-1918), World War II (1939-1945), The Korean War (1950-1953), The Vietnam War (1962-1972) and The Gulf War (1990-1991).

On the home front, women dealt with the consequences of war – managing children and family responsibilities alone, shortages of resources, as well as their fears for the future, and the grief and trauma of losing loved ones.

Many women were also actively involved as nurses and in other active service duties, and contributed more actively to war efforts through military service. Other Australian women were also closely connected with war through male relatives and friends away on military service.

In World War II, women were actively recruited into jobs that had always been the preserve of men; they worked in factories and shipyards, as members of the Women’s Land Army and as Official War Artists.

This article was produced in January 2009 in Australia to tell people how important the roles women played were.

We chose this source because it gave us detailed information on the living conditions for women during the wartime.

Source D

Battle of Courcelette

Louis Weirter witnessed this Somme battle as a soldier. His painting depicts the chaos and complexity of fighting on the Western Front, and the use of combined arms tactics. The capture of the ruined town of Courcelette, France on 15 September 1916 was a significant Canadian victory.

source dWe chose this source as it gives us an idea of how the war really was and how chaotic everything was.

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What Was Life Like For Men And Women On The Battlefront

World War One occurred from 1914 to 1918. The men were mainly the one on the battlefield as the woman were not allowed on the battlefield. Men were brave and fought for their country. Millions were killed in the war. The trenches were always filled with the dead bodies of soldiers who were brutally killed. Their lives were always in danger and they suffered a lot. Soldiers who weren’t killed came out of the war badly wounded in need of emergency medical care. This was where the women came in.

Although the women were not fighting in the war, we can still say they fought for their country. Women were the backbone of the men. They stayed home to care for their children & keep the house safe in the absence of their husbands. Families were separated which made their lives miserable. They lived in fear of losing their loved ones. Women also dealt with the effects of the war. Other women were recruited as nurses and were involved in other services created being the preserve of man. They also often worked in factories and became part of the Women’s Land Army. Therefore they had a very important role in the war & most of them lived miserably losing their husbands or children.

Based on this we can say that life on the battlefront was horrible for men and women equally. Everyone lived in fear of losing each other and fear of failing their country.

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