A) (Gas! Gas! Quick, boys-An ecstasy of fumbling,
Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time;
But someone still was yelling out and stumbling
And floundering like a man in fire or lime)…
(Dim, through the mist panes and thick green light,
As under a green sea, I saw him drowning)..
Source A is an extract from a short poem, entitled ‘Dulce et Decorum est’, and was written by Wilfred Owen in 1917, and published in 1920. Owen’s poem is known for its horrific imagery and condemnation of war. It was written to show how the war had a major effect on people, and how men, women and children were suffering from it. I chose this source because it shows exactly how horrific and terrible the affects, and overall experience of war is.
Source B is a cartoon, drawn by which shows the viewer the conditions of the trenches. The cartoon is mocking the conditions of the trenches by saying that there is so much rain, the trench is not able to be seen. This is humorous, while it is also making a point on how the conditions of the trenches are dreadful, and horrific. This cartoon was produced by an unknown author, during world war one.
Source C is a photograph taken in the western front in France, 1916. It shows British troops going over the top of the trenches during the battle of the Somme. This was one of the bloodiest battles of World War One, claiming over a million casualties in five months. This photo was taken to show how closely packed the british troops were while in the trenches. It clearly shows the serious conditions in which the soldiers were, in the trenches. They were closely packed together, and in a dirty, grim environment. I think this source is interesting because it is a photo taken exactly from the time, right in the frontline of the war. It makes me almost feel the dramatic emotions and feelings in this photo, just by looking at the conditions of which these soldiers fought.
Source D was a newspaper article written on the 26th October 1985. It was written by Gerard Brown, a reporter. This article was written to show that even very young men were being sacrificed for the war. This young man lied about his age in order to be allowed to fight what he stated as ‘the great war’. I find it sad that someone so young was killed, along with many others, for World War 1. I have chosen this source because I believe that it shows a very negative aspect of the war, and how even children are being killed due to it.
What was life like for the women and men on the battle front?
World war one was a terrible event in world history. It affected the entire world, and left millions of men, women, and children dead. Some children would even fight in the war, as you can see in Source D. Men would most usually go to battle, as soldiers. They would be forced to leave their families, in order to fight a war that their country was facing. they would fight in trenches, shown in a photograph (Source C). This left many families without fathers, brothers, or sons. Women would usually stay at the homes, to look after the children, and pray that one day, they may see their husbands again. Their prayers were not always answered.
Most men would go to fight, on the frontline, away from their families. This was devastating, as most of the time, they would not return to their families. A number of things could happen to the men, which were in battle. The men would battle in trenches, (Source C) therefore there was not a lot of free space. This meant that disease could be spread very easily through the soldiers. Weather conditions were not always in favour of the soldiers. Sometimes, it would reach almost freezing temperatures, causing the soldiers to be vulnerable to frost-bite. It would also rain heavily at times, as you can see in Source B. At other times, it would be boiling-hot. This, combined with the heavy weapons, which were being carried, and the heavy clothing, caused for many soldiers to suffer from heat-strokes.
The women, on the other hand, would usually stay at home, and take care of the children. Some women, however, would live on the battle front. Lives for these women were extremely tough. Women would not ever fight in the war, and operate weaponry, such as guns and rifles. Only one woman has ever been found to fight in the war, which was Dorothy Lawrence, a 20-year-old ambitious journalist, joined the B.E.F.in 1915. Women would usually be nurses or doctors, which would aid the wounded soldiers. Many soldiers were wounded in this war, as is stated in the poem by Wilfred Owen (Source B). The nurses would be located at safe, home-bases, away from the actual war. Without these smart, brave women, many more of our soldiers would have been dead.
The aspects of this are was not entirely negative. While the negative would definitely out-weigh the positive aspects, there were definitely some good things about the men and women on the battle front. Men would get free food, and water on the battlefield. The food was definitely not the best quality. Although, it did full the men’s stomachs, and would keep them from starving to death. The women would also be given food, while working as doctors. They were also paid (although very little) for their efforts towards helping the wounded soldiers.
All in all, women and men have helped greatly in the frontline of the war. The men have aided their country by killing or injuring other country’s soldiers, while the women have helped by aiding the wounded soldiers, who had put their lives on the line, in order to fight for their country. If it wasn’t for these men’s and women’s bravery, strength, and courage, their very countries would have crumbled to the ground. Therefore we salute the ex-veterans, nurses, doctors, or any other men or women which have aided in the horrible, horrible struggle between the countries.
Peter and Joel