Women in World War 1:
Women learned many new skills during WWI. Source A is a poster that was created to encourage women to do “a man’s job” such as farming as seen in Source B. The British troops were well in need of food as they were down to only 3 weeks of supplies. The Women’s Land Army advertised in Source D were the woman that worked on farms and this played a fundamental role in the war becasue they provided the British with well needed food supplies. By 1917 260 000 women were working in the Women’s Land Army which was disbanded in 1919.
Women worked in munition factories for isntance Source C which was a very unhealthy and dangerous job. Women dealt with highly explosive chemicals including sulphur of which there was no protection against at the time. The Women’s skint started to get a yellow discolouring to their skin and damaged lungs due to the sulphur. Women also spent lots of time filling bomb shells with explosives which had a high risk of accidental explosions as shown in Source E
To attempt to produce more skillful women they set up schools such as in Source F training women to upholster, do trimming and other skills needed for specialised work. A factory manager said, “Women are quick learners and that in some departments they are more efficient than men, although those departments have been employing men exclusively for years.”
Men in World War 1:
The type of the trench positions varied a lot. In the area of the River Somme the ground is chalky such as the ground in Source 4 and is easily dug. The trench sides will crumble easily after rain, so they built the walls of the trenches with wood, sandbags or any other suitable material. At Ypres, the ground is naturally boggy. Where possible the floor of the trench was made by using wooden duckboards. Trenches were not really dug but built instead. Trenches were dug as a feeble attempt to protect the militia on the front line.