Source B: This source is an image of German women who worked as assistants to the war. It was taken in 1917. The German Federal Archive produced this picture. The name of the picture is Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S29737.
Source C: This is poster from the time of World War 1. It was created by a man named Louis Hirshman who was an artist. The name of the poster is “Service on the home front: There’s a job for every Pennsylvanian in these civilian defence efforts.” It was created between 1941 and 1943. Its purpose was to encourage families to work.
Source D: Source D is a quote from Roosevelt: “The efforts of civilians at home to support the war through personal sacrifice was as critical to winning the war as the efforts of the soldiers themselves.”
Source E: Source E is a cartoon which was produced in 1916. It was made by Punch Magazine.
Source F: Source F is actually a play by the name of For Services Rendered. It was written by a Playwright, W. Somerset Maugham. Its first performance was in London 1932. It shows the effects that World War 1 had on a family. The play had an anti-war message as it showed how the governments convinced young men to sacrifice their lives for a good cause.
Source G: This is a newspaper article from the time of World War 1. The writer of the article is unknown. The article comes from the newspaper called Day Book. It was written to inform the people what was happening at the time.
Source A shows us that women had to work on the farms because the men went off to fight. The girl in the picture looks young which tells us that even teenagers and children had to start working in order to maintain things at home. A positive aspect of the fact that the women and children worked is that they learnt new skills by working. This also meant that they were kept occupied which means that they spent less time worrying about their husbands and fathers that went to fight. Women were able to gain independence during the war. Source B shows us how the women were driven to go look after the injured. Source C is a poster that was used to encourage people to work or fight. Poster like this one put pressure on people to fight and made them feel guilty for not wanting to fight. Governments would use poster like source C. Men that stayed home and did not fight would have been treated badly because peoples mindsets were that if you did not fight then you were lazy, not proud of your country and just did not care.
Source D is a quote that tells us that the people that fought had an equal importance in the war as the people who stayed at home. Often when you think of the war you think of the people who fought instead of the people who stayed at home to look after the injured and to maintain the households. This seems as if the one is greater than the other but in actual fact they were both needed for the success of the war. Source E which is a cartoon is very one sided and unrealistic because it shows that all the women did when they were at the home front was fix their makeup and look pretty. This is false because the women did a lot of work on the farms and in the factories. This cartoon shows that people just think that women during the war did nothing and that the men who fought were the real heroes. The play For Services Rendered shows us the way governments pressured the men into going to war. The men that stayed home would’ve been treated badly and so would their families have been. The people who stayed at home would have started to lack supplies such as food and medicine because they would have had to send the supplies with the soldiers as they would have needed it more. Source G states that the prices of drugs and medicines went up because of the war this would have made it more difficult for the people who stayed at home to afford medicines.
In conclusion the men, women and children’s lives were affected by the war. There were some positive effects like the fact that the women gained independence and that the children learnt new skills, but there were also negative effects of the war like the fact that life was much harder without the men and that the men that stayed at home were treated badly.
Rizqah and Keketso