HOW DID MEN WHO WERE NOT FIGHTING GET TREATED?
Religion was one of the main reasons why men did not want to join the war. Many people such as Bert Brocklesby were very religious. On the day that war was declared he said:
Source A: “God has not put me on this Earth to go destroying His children.”
Source A was said by Bert Brocklesby on the 4th August 1914, to show people that his religion was more important than him fighting in the war
After saying this it was made clear that Bert Brocklesby did not intend to have anything to do with the military or war.
Most men that refused to fight were given white feathers as well as getting verbal abuse in the streets by passing citizens. As it became clear that war would not end by Christmas 1914, people began to treat the men more aggressively. As the number of British deaths increased from 1915 to 1916, it got worse for the pacifists. While in public, pacifists were at risk of being assaulted and thrown in jail for minor reasons which were not of importance but the people used any excuse to get them put in jail.
Source B: Source B is an original WW1 army recruitment poster. The poster says “Be honest with yourself. Be certain that your so-called reason is not a selfish excuse, ENLIST TODAY” This source was created by Lord Kitchener. This poster was created in 1915.
Source B was a recruitment poster trying to get people to join the war. Saying that you shouldn’t make up an excuse (religion can be an excuse) not to go to war.
WHAT CHALLENGES DID PEOPLE FACE?
Some challenges for the women were that they had to raise their children by themselves while their husbands were out at war, some women volunteered to become nurses which could have damaged them emotionally, seeing all the injured men and having to see the young men who may have had some limbs taken off and having men die inside the building in a bed in front of the nurses, so for women nurses it was very traumatic for them.
According to a brochure that was made by the Canadian Department of Public Works, there were some areas where a woman could work to help the soldiers in the war. These areas were:
- They could work on fruit or vegetable farms.
- They could work in the camps to cook for workers.
- They could work on mixed and dairy farms.
- Also in the farmhouse to help feed those who are raising the crops.
- In the canneries, to preserve the fruit and vegetables.
- To take charge of milk routes.
So many women were involved in an organization such as the Ottawa Women’s Canadian Club, which helped provide the needs of soldiers, families of soldiers and the men who were injured during the war. Women were called ‘soldiers on the home front’; the women were asked to save a lot in order to help the soldiers on the war front.
Challenges for Germany:
One of the problems Germany faced after WWI was that they had to pay back all damages done by them in the war because they had signed the Treaty of Versailles which was also signed by France, Britain and America. This treaty stated that Germany had to pay back for starting the war, because Germany could not pay back what they had to, they had to stop their army, they lost some land. The war had a huge impact on Germany’s economy as well as their morale, which is why the German people believed Hitler and the Nazis when they said they would better Germany and make it like it was before the Treaty.
Advantages of the war:
Some advantages were that children learned to become independent and rely on themselves.
Some advantages in weaponry and hospital equipment is that the tank, the flamethrower, poison gas, tracer bullets, interrupter gear, air traffic control, depth charges, hydrophones, aircraft carriers, pilotless drones, mobile x-ray machines and sanitary napkins were some main inventions created or used to help with the war.
THIS PART DONE BY: ALLASHAY