What was life like for the women, children and men who stayed at home??

 How did men who were not fighting get treated?

Many men put their life in danger and in harsh conditions for their country. Although many people appreciated it, their families were left and some of their lives were taken and this is why many men did not go to war. Men only had two options to choose from when it can came to war. they either had to fight or work, as shown in source D. people encouraged them to fight, however, many men did not want to. Men that did not go to war were often treated as a coward and a traitor and as a symbol of this a woman would put a white feather in their pocket. Sometimes their family and friends would turn against them. If they did not serve directly in the war they would be used as: army medical corps, cooks, medical orderlines, stretcher bearers etc. If they refused this order they be court-martialed or sometimes even sent to prison. Many men kept their original jobs that they had before war broke out. These jobs included mining, postmen, transport workers etc. As many men and women did not go to war, they were encouraged families to work as shown is source A. these jobs included farming, mining, transportation etc.

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Source D.                                       This is source is an artwork. It is showing us that there was only 2 options. they were either to go and fight or work. This is what men and women and children had to go though.

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Source A.                                       This source was created by Louis Hirshman. This is a a visual source called “Service on the home front”. This source was created during the time of WW1 as it was created during 1941 and 1943. Its purpose was to encourage families to work.

What challenges did people face?

When many of the men left to go to war, women and children were left to pick up what the men started. Many children had to start working as they had to earn money to keep there lives going. As many challenges were experienced by women and children during war, many people tried to put a stop to wars as shown in Source B. Women took over many of the men’s jobs such as; farming, being post women, transport drivers, joining the police. Many women even had to leave their children to go to work at war and had to go and to go to work in factories. The possibilities of women leaving their children and never coming back were very high. Harsh working conditions and the danger of the jobs often lead to death. This would cause having to be put up children for adoption as they their was no other family such as ‘uncles’ & ‘aunties’. Many family split up due to WW1.

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Source B.                                                          This is a literary source. This is a poem about the real-life relationship between the poets Wilfred Owen and Siegfried Sassoon. This play is called “Not About Heroes” by Stephen MacDonald. The play was first performed in 1982 at the Edinburgh Festival in Edinburgh, Scotland. This play shows 2 poem writers coming together to try and put and end to the war.

What were the advantages of being at war?

Going to war was a huge sacrifice and required a person to be brave and strong. War came with many advantages however there were disadvantages. The advantages of war were territorial gain, new allies, freedom, and security and mostly respect and fear amongst other nations as shown in Source C. However, war increased spending, hate amongst nations, new enemies and it reduced liberties for security. The men that went to war are still remembered to day and didn’t have to face being called a coward or a traitor.

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Source C.                                                        This source is a newspaper article. This is showing us how men gained respect from their actions in the war. This is also showing us that new inventions were discovered during war.

By: Gina Wilkinson & Chloe Bovim

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